Amphetamine affects the nerves and brain by increasing the amount of neurotransmitters traveling across synapses of the brain and keeping them present long enough to attach to a receptor site. This travel from neuron to receptor is how the brain spreads information. When this process functions poorly then disorders such as narcolepsy or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder can occur. Amphetamine can benefit these conditions, but it can cause addiction problems when misused.
Side Effects of Amphetamine Use
Some of the bodily effects of amphetamine abuse can include an increased heart rate or a loss of appetite. Amphetamine users should be cautious with activities such as driving or operating machinery because they sometimes experience dizziness, fatigue or blurry vision. Another risk for those who use amphetamines is addiction. Sustained use can lead to physical and psychological addiction which will likely lead to withdrawal symptoms if you quit using the drug abruptly.
How Amphetamine Affects the Brain
Amphetamine increases the production of dopamine and norepinephrine, and it also decreases or retards the uptake of neurotransmitters, allowing users to feel its effects for an extended amount of time. However, each type of amphetamine is different, and the effects vary from person to person. Amphetamines affect attention because of their ability to regulate the chemical flow of certain chemicals in the brain. But if the brain gets hooked on an amount of these chemicals, it will stop producing them on its own and eventually rely on the drug to feel well or function normally.
Amphetamine Withdrawal Symptoms
If an amphetamine addict abruptly ceases use, he may experience a plethora of withdrawal symptoms. Each addiction is unique, and so are the withdrawals experienced by each individual, but a few of the common symptoms are as follows:
- Excessive sleeping
- Increased appetite
- Depression and even suicidal thoughts
- Psychological cravings for the drug
These symptoms make it difficult for users to quit their use. The brain has become reliant upon the chemicals provided by the drug, and it needs them to operate well. In other words, the body has come to rely on the drugs. Quitting addiction and fighting against the messages that your mind and body send can be quite difficult. If you seek medical attention you will find that you can be weaned off of the drug in a way that minimizes your withdrawal symptoms.
Amphetamine Addiction Help
If you or someone that you care about is struggling with an addiction to amphetamines, or has relapsed into addiction, please call our 24 hour, toll-free helpline now. Our counselors are available around the clock and able to answer your treatment questions, to assist with health insurance matters and arrange transportation. Please call now for instant support.