4 Reasons Addiction Is Considered a Disease

Although addiction was once considered a matter of character or morals, it is now understood to be a disease and classified as such by most medical and research associations. The American Medical Association, the American Society of Addiction Medicine, the National Institute on Drug Abuse and the World Health Organization all agree that addiction is a chronic yet treatable disease that affects the brain and body. Addiction is considered a disease for many reasons, including the following.

  1. Addiction Changes the Structure and Function of the Brain

Advances in brain imaging and other research tools have led to a greater understanding of the ways in which the brains of people who suffer from addiction are affected. These include changes in multiple brain regions.

The World Health Organization notes that drugs and alcohol produce immediate effects in neurotransmitter systems, but that there are also many short- and long-term changes at the cellular level. They note that long-term effects are usually associated with changes in gene expression and synthesized proteins. The proteins alter the function of neurons and lead to changes in behavior.

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) explains that drugs use the brain’s communication system to disturb the way that nerve cells process information. They can do this in various ways. Some drugs, such as marijuana and heroin, imitate the brain’s natural chemicals and fool the brain into sending abnormal signals. Other drugs, such as cocaine and methamphetamine, cause the release of abnormally large amounts of neurotransmitters.

The neurotransmitter most often associated with the development of addiction is dopamine, part of the brain’s reward system. When the reward system is overstimulated, a reinforcing pattern is put into place. The brain adapts to the surges in dopamine by producing less or by reducing the number of receptor cells, which leads people to use larger and larger amounts of their drug of choice.

The glutamate system is also affected. Glutamate is associated with learning, and when the concentration is changed, cognitive function can be altered. NIDA reports that in drug-addicted individuals, there are changes in areas of the brain associated with decision-making, memory, learning, judgment and behavior control. NIDA concludes that while the initial decision to take drugs is voluntary in the majority of cases, the brain changes caused by substance use severely affect an addicted individual’s ability to exercise restraint.

  1. There Is a Strong Genetic Component to Addiction

The National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence estimates that about half of the risk of developing addiction comes from genetic factors. Studies of adopted children and twins raised apart have confirmed that the tendency of addiction to run in families is not solely due to environmental considerations such as parental modeling.

  1. People Vulnerable to One Addiction are also Vulnerable to Others

Because a predisposition to addiction is due to brain changes, any potentially addicting substance or activity can become a problem. It is not uncommon for people to replace one addiction with another or to relapse on their drug of choice because use of another substance affected the same brain regions involved in the primary addiction. The tendency towards cross-addiction can also be seen in families where there is a strong history of addiction, but not always to the same substances.

  1. Addiction Can Be Effectively Treated with Medications

Medications have not been developed to treat every addiction, but for those suffering from addiction to opioids, opiates, or alcohol, pharmaceuticals can be a very important addition to a treatment protocol. Medications are currently in development to treat addiction to other substances as well.

Medications for addiction alter the way in which neurotransmitters affect the body by binding to receptor sites. Drugs that mimic the action of natural neurotransmitters are known as agonists. Other drugs, known as antagonists, bind to receptor sites, but do not activate them. In that way, they block the actions of other drugs on the same receptors. Drugs approved to treat addiction to opiates and opioids like heroin and prescription painkillers include methadone, buprenorphine and naltrexone. Medications for alcohol addiction include naltrexone, acamprosate, disulfiram and topiramate.

You Can Take Back Your Life

Addiction is a serious disease, but one that can be treated effectively. If you or a loved one is ready to overcome an addiction to amphetamines, give us a call. Our helpline is available 24 hours a day and the call is toll-free. Our employees are compassionate and knowledgeable and understand the issues involved. They can answer your questions and help you understand your treatment options. They can also check your insurance coverage for you if you wish, at no cost or obligation. Don’t let addiction take any more of your life from you. Call now and begin to take it back.

How Drugs Affect Women’s Brains

Although both men and women use and abuse drugs and alcohol, their experiences may differ in significant ways. Biological factors may influence the way in which substances like amphetamine are processed and subsequently their effects on the brains and bodies of users. Hormones, body composition, and metabolism may all contribute to the differences experienced.

Gender Differences in Drug Processing

Differences in the ways that men and women process drugs include the following:

  • Binding capacity in the bloodA 2014 article in Scientific American notes that women have less binding capacity in their blood than men do. Binding capacity is the ability of blood proteins to contain foreign substances. Because of this, drugs may potentially cause more side effects in women.
  • Hormone levels – Hormonal differences affect the way that women experience the effects of opioid painkillers. Women receive a higher degree of pain relief from the drugs due possibly to the effect of estrogen, which modulates the body’s pain response. Woman have a harder time quitting the habitual use of painkillers and are more likely to relapse after addiction has developed. Relapse is most likely during the middle of the menstrual cycle, when glucose in the brain, which is necessary for self-control, is lower.
  • Neurotransmitter binding – Men and women may differ in the way in which neurotransmitters bind to receptor cells. Younger women tend to have higher mu-opioid binding potential than men do, but in postmenopausal women, the levels are below those of men.
  • Stomach acidity – Women tend to have stomachs that are less acidic. This means that certain drugs may be absorbed more quickly. Lower stomach acidity may cause women to feel the effects of antianxiety drugs more rapidly and strongly, and the drugs may be more toxic to them.
  • Body composition – Many drugs are designed to dissolve in lipids in order to cross the blood-brain barrier. Women tend to have higher levels of body fat, and this can trap medications for longer periods of time.
  • Liver function – Most drugs are processed by the liver, and men’s bodies do this more quickly than women’s bodies do. This means drugs tend to stay in women’s systems longer. Different liver enzymes, however, may work at different speeds. Scientific American notes that the liver enzyme CY P3A4 is especially active in young women and that this may make some drugs less effective.
  • Kidney function – Men’s kidneys also operate more quickly than women’s do at filtering out drug compounds. This also contributes to the fact that drugs may stay in women’s systems for longer periods of time.

Differences in Drug Toxicity and Subjective Experiences

Because women tend to metabolize drugs and alcohol more slowly, their effects on the brain and other organs may be magnified. A 2004 report by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism reports that women who suffer from alcohol addiction develop nerve damage, cirrhosis and damage of the heart muscle more rapidly than their male counterparts. Their brains may also be more vulnerable. A study utilizing tomography of the brain found brain shrinkage in both males and females addicted to alcohol. The women, however, reported drinking excessively for only about half as long as did the men. A further indication of brain vulnerability in women is that despite the fact that men drink more heavily and often, the genders experience equal rates of blackouts.

The differences in the way that substances like amphetamine are metabolized leads to differences in subjective experiences. A 2006 article by the National Institute on Drug Abuse reports on a study of men and women addicted to both cocaine and alcohol. After consuming the substances, men and women were asked to rate their levels of various feelings, both positive and negative. No differences were found when alcohol was consumed alone or when alcohol and cocaine were combined, but when cocaine alone was consumed, women reported higher levels of combined mental and physical well-being.

The article notes that the study parallels animal studies, which have found that female rats demonstrate higher levels of motivation for cocaine than do their male counterparts. Conversely, previous studies have shown that women report greater levels of anxiety than men do when cocaine is consumed. The authors note that the finding is significant because cocaine is the drug most often found by medical examiners in the bodies of female decedents and that it underscores the need for adequate addiction treatment.

We Can Help You Find Treatment

If you are looking for quality addiction treatment, we can help you find it. Our helpline is toll-free and available 24 hours a day. We can help you identify treatment options and find the one that best meets your needs. We can also check your insurance coverage for you if desired, at no cost or obligation. Your journey to recovery can start today. Why not give us a call?

Important Things to Learn About Amphetamine

Important Things to Learn About Amphetamine
Because amphetamines stimulate the central nervous system, they can cause a variety of side effects

Amphetamines are stimulants that work in the central nervous system to increase heart rate and blood pressure while decreasing appetite. They are used to treat narcolepsy, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and as an appetite suppressant, but they are highly addictive, so using more of them for longer than prescribed can lead to addiction. Amphetamines have many potential side effects, some of which can be dangerous if care is not used when taking them.

Amphetamine Side Effects

Because amphetamines stimulate the central nervous system, they can cause a variety of side effects. Dosages of these drugs change over time, especially due to growth in children. When they are taken according to a doctor’s direction, some side effects diminish over time. If you or a loved one uses amphetamines to treat ADHD or narcolepsy, then seek your doctor right away if you experience any of the following side effects:

  • Nervousness
  • Restlessness
  • Excitability
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Fear
  • Anxiety
  • Tremors
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Heart palpitations

Some amphetamine side effects can be life threatening, so stop using amphetamines and call your doctor immediately if you experience any of the following symptoms:

  • Fast, pounding or uneven heartbeats
  • Lightheadedness or fainting
  • Increased blood pressure that leads to blurred vision, severe headache, trouble concentrating, chest pain, numbness or seizure
  • Tremor, hallucinations, unusual behavior or motor tics

These drugs are dangerous, so seek help immediately to address any problems you have with them.

Amphetamine Addiction Help

Amphetamines are highly addictive, so long-term use may lead to dependence. Get help if you or a loved one uses amphetamines and notices any of the following symptoms of addiction:

  • Needing more of the drug before the next dose is due
  • Becoming preoccupied with getting and using the drug
  • Needing a supply of the drug on hand at all times
  • Going into debt to get the drug
  • “Doctor shopping” for new prescriptions for the drug
  • Becoming more involved in the drug culture
  • Engaging in illegal or dangerous behaviors while under the influence of the drug

Professional help can train amphetamine addicts to get and stay clean.

Help for Amphetamine Addiction

Amphetamines can be an important part of treatment for ADHD or narcolepsy, but using the drugs in ways other than prescribed can lead to addiction. If you or a loved one struggles with amphetamine addiction, we are here to help. Call our toll-free, 24 hour helpline to speak to an admissions coordinator about available treatment options.

European Views on Amphetamine

European Views on Amphetamine
European and American views are similar when it comes to the use and abuse of amphetamines

European and American views are similar when it comes to the use and abuse of amphetamines. Amphetamine use and abuse can be extremely dangerous to individuals that both use and individuals around those who use. Because of this, crime rates are known to soar in communities where amphetamine use is known to occur.

European Views on Amphetamine Use

European views are similar to American views on amphetamine use and abuse. Included in the following are some examples of how European culture regards amphetamine use:

  • Accepted use among partiers
  • Schedule II controlled substance
  • Highly addictive dangerous substance

European countries are finding it difficult to remain ahead of this drug of choice for party use. Along with amphetamine, recreational drugs often used at parties are heroin and ecstasy. In 1971, amphetamines became listed as a Schedule II controlled substance. This category of drug contains substances whose liability to abuse creates a substantial risk to the public and produces little to moderate therapeutic usefulness. Amphetamines, such as methamphetamine, are highly addictive substances that even after just one use can be hard to quit.

American Views on Amphetamine Use

Like Europeans, Americans views amphetamines as the following:

  • Schedule II controlled substance
  • Prevalent in most communities
  • Highly addictive

In the United States, amphetamines have been categorized as a Schedule II controlled substance. This means, without a valid prescription, it is illegal to have in one’s possession. The American populace has unfortunately grown accustom to news stories that feature meth labs discovered in residential basements and garages, indicating just how wide spread this problem has become for every community. Even if methamphetamine labs are not located in the community, chance have increased that a community member is illegally using amphetamines without a valid prescription. Similar to European views, amphetamines are known to be extremely addictive substances that have a tremendous effect on one’s life.

Amphetamine Addiction Treatment

If you or a loved one is suffering from an addiction to amphetamine, please call our toll-free helpline today. Our highly trained and knowledgeable staff is available 24 hours a day to answer your addiction questions and help you find the best treatment available. Take back control of your life and call us today!

Am I Experiencing Side Effects of Amphetamines or Signs of Dependence?

Am I Experiencing Side Effects of Amphetamines or Signs of Dependence?
Knowing risk factors for dependence can help you determine if what a loved one is experiencing is a side effect or sign of dependence

According to Medline Plus, a website published by the National Institutes of Health, some basic side effects of amphetamine use include the following:

  • Nervousness
  • Restlessness
  • Difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep
  • Headache
  • Changes in sex drive or ability
  • Stomach pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Weight loss

More concerning side effects include the following:

  • Fast or pounding heartbeat
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Motor tics or verbal tics
  • Believing things that are not true
  • Feeling unusually suspicious of others
  • Hallucinating (seeing things or hearing voices that do not exist)
  • Mania (frenzied or abnormally excited mood)
  • Aggressive or hostile behavior

Even using prescribed amphetamine drugs can result in these side effects, and with abuse comes a greater likelihood of experiencing multiple or severe side effects. Since side effects are common and cover a wide range of physical, behavioral and emotional experiences, determining what is the result of use and what is the result of dependence can be difficult.

Risk Factors and Identifying Amphetamine Dependence

Knowing risk factors for dependence can help you determine if what you or a loved one is experiencing is a side effect or sign of dependence. If peers, family members or the community at large view drug use and abuse as acceptable, dependence is more likely. A stressful life involving professional or academic stressors also increases the likelihood of amphetamine abuse and dependence. Co-occurring mental health issues such as depression, bipolar disorder or anxiety are at greater risk for dependence. While all of these factors increase risk levels, individuals with stable home and personal lives are not immune to dependence or addiction. Any amphetamine use puts an individual at risk.

Signs of Amphetamine Dependence

If you or a loved one is using amphetamine, the following may indicate dependence has developed or is developing:

  • Building tolerance; needing more of the drug to experience the desired effects
  • Experiencing withdrawal symptoms when not using the drug
  • Failing attempts to use less or stop using
  • Spending significant amounts of time thinking about, getting and using the drug
  • Using the drug despite experiencing negative physical, mental or social consequences

If you are experiencing these signs of dependence or are concerned about the risk of becoming addicted, call our toll-free helpline. We are here 24 hours a day to provide a free assessment and free information about ending dependence or addiction. Don’t let amphetamine use limit your life any longer; call today.

What Is the Law Regarding the Use of Amphetamine and Why?

What Is the Law Regarding the Use of Amphetamine and Why?
Amphetamines are Schedule II drugs, and have specific legal regulations regarding their possession, abuse, and distribution

Before using a drug, whether you have acquired it through prescription or otherwise, it is important to be aware of the laws regarding its use. Amphetamines are a class of drugs that have very specific laws, due to their classification as a Schedule II controlled substance. Schedule II drugs are those that have a high potential for abuse and can cause both physical and psychological dependence when used inappropriately.

Because Schedule II drugs are associated with such great risks, they can only be prescribed with extreme restrictions. This means that there must be specific laws in place for the possession, abuse, and distribution of amphetamines. Failure to abide by these laws may result in legal and financial consequences.

It is also important to note that federal and state laws may differ greatly. In order to be sure of the laws that apply to you, refer to your state’s official government website regarding controlled substances.

Possession of Amphetamines without a Prescription

Even though amphetamines are prescription drugs, rather than illicit street drugs, they are still dangerous and illegal to possess without a prescription. This includes purchasing amphetamines from a dealer as well as simply borrowing a pill or two from a friend. If you feel that you should be on amphetamines for any medical reason, discuss your concerns with your healthcare provider rather than illegally purchasing drugs without a prescription.

Distributing Your Amphetamines to Others

One particular drug crime that many people consider to be harmless is the distribution of their prescription amphetamines. This includes selling and giving away amphetamines to another person, even when done with good intentions. In fact, many people with amphetamine prescriptions have given a dose or two to friends or family when they truly seem to need it. Unfortunately, it is both dangerous and illegal to pass off your prescription to another person in any way. If you feel pressured by others to lend them your amphetamines, recommend that they talk with their healthcare provider.

Additional Laws

Even if you have a valid prescription for your amphetamines and you are using them as directed, there are still additional laws that must be noted. Many people, for example, like to carry their prescription drugs around in a weekly pill divider. Doing so helps people to keep up with their medication regimen and ensure that doses are not forgotten. However, it is actually illegal to possess amphetamines without also carrying proof of a valid prescription.

Abusing Your Own Amphetamine Prescription

Many people are quick to assume that purchasing amphetamines through a prescription entitles them to use them however they want. Even with your own prescription, amphetamines are not to be used in ways other than prescribed. This includes taking a larger dose than prescribed as a way of achieving a high. Just because the amphetamines are prescribed to you does not guarantee their safety when abused. Most states do not have an effective way of regulating personal amphetamine abuse and therefore do not have laws regarding this matter. However, individuals who abuse their prescription should be aware of the risks of side effects and addiction.

Get Help for Amphetamine Addiction

Abuse of amphetamines can lead to serious health and legal consequences. Therefore, if you or someone you know suffers from amphetamine addiction, please call our toll-free helpline today. Our admissions coordinators are available 24 hours a day to answer any questions you might have about amphetamine addiction treatment.

Can Amphetamines Interact with My Anti-Depressant?

Can Amphetamines Interact with My Anti-Depressant?
Amphetamines often interact with other psycho-stimulants and anti-depressants

Amphetamines (also known as speed, ice and crystal) are major stimulants. These drugs often come in tablet, crystal or powder form to be swallowed, snorted or smoked. Amphetamines suppress fatigue and increase alertness, but, once their effects begin to wear off, users may experience anxiety, depression and a risk for suicide. Ultimately, these drugs could affect and/or counteract the medications people use to treat depression, or they could worsen any pre-existing condition. In other words, it is dangerous to combine anti-depressants with amphetamines, so seek professional help if you engage this life-threatening practice.

Effects of Combining Amphetamines with Anti-Depressants

Amphetamines and anti-depressants affect each user differently depending on that person’s drug use and how she administers the substance. When people combine amphetamines and anti-depressants, they may experience any of the following issues:

  • Cardiovascular collapse
  • Dangerous fluctuations in blood pressure
  • Convulsions

Amphetamines often interact with other psycho-stimulants and anti-depressants. They interact with psycho-stimulants by amplifying other drugs’ side effects, and this effect greatly increases the risk of overdose. When overdose—or any of the aforementioned side effects—goes unchecked—then permanent organ damage or death may occur. When addicts continue to use drugs despite negative health consequences, then users may induce permanent damage, which means they will suffer from problems that cannot be reversed or treated. This damage could also take months or years before it becomes apparent to medical staff.

Treatment Options for Combining Amphetamines with Anti-Depressants

Each addiction treatment plan has unique approaches and theories to help users get and stay clean. If you abuse amphetamines and anti-depressants at the same time, then consider seeking any of the following treatment methods:

  • Inpatient treatment
  • Rehab
  • Outpatient treatment

Most inpatient treatment facilities are not meant for long-term care. In other words, most inpatient treatment facilities help addicts detox from their drugs of choice while they remain under the constant supervision of medical personnel. During this stage of recovery, addicts also receive medication to ease the pain caused by withdrawal symptoms. Once this stage ends, then addicts can enroll in additional treatment, such as long-term care in a rehab or outpatient treatment facility. Rehab is a continued form of inpatient treatment, which gives addicts continued support through the beginning of sobriety. Outpatient treatment allows addicts to receive treatment while maintaining independent lifestyles, and it often consists of counseling sessions in an office setting.

Amphetamine Addiction Treatment

If you or a loved one struggles with amphetamine addiction, then please contact our toll-free helpline today. Our admissions coordinators are available 24 hours a day to answer all your questions about addiction and treatment. Take back your life and call us today!

Origins of Amphetamine

Origins of Amphetamine
Amphetamine was originally used in a Benzedrine inhaler

Amphetamines are central nervous system stimulants that treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, narcolepsy, obesity and similar conditions. They include drugs like methylphenidate, diethylproprion, fenfluramine and brands like Ritalin, Dexedrine, Adderall and Concerta. In a report covering 2002 to 2004, the National Survey on Drug Use and Health estimated that 3 million Americans had used amphetamine-type stimulants in the past year for nonmedical reasons, and up to 350,000 of those users were addicted. Amphetamine abuse is a growing problem, particularly on college campuses, but understanding the drug’s origin and past problems can help with addiction recovery.

In 1887, chemist Lazar Edeleanu synthesized the first amphetamine in Germany, but more than four decades would pass drugs like it were put to medical use. Ironically, though, when these drugs first hit the shelves, they were not used as stimulants. The pharmaceutical company Smith, Kline and French (SKF) introduced the Benzedrine inhaler in the 1930s as a decongestant, though recreational drug users learned to remove the inhalers’ amphetamine strips to produce a stimulant high. Amphetamine use quickly expanded to treat depression, narcolepsy, opiate addiction and other conditions, and Benzedrine sulfate tablets and other formulations quickly followed. When the SKF patent expired in 1949, the production and consumption of amphetamines grew dramatically.

In 2008, the American Journal of Public Health published “America’s First Amphetamine Epidemic 1929 – 1971,” and it noted the following key historical moments:

  • Consumption rates by 1962 reached 43 doses per year per person in the US
  • The harmful effects were more widely recognized by the early 1960s
  • The amphetamine epidemic peaked and started to recede by the late 1960s
  • Amphetamines became a Schedule III controlled substance in 1970
  • A precursor to the Drug Enforcement Administration used its authority to shift amphetamines to Schedule II the following year
  • Use declined under the new restrictions, and the cocaine epidemic began

After detailing the first amphetamine epidemic, the journal then demonstrated that the US is currently experiencing a second epidemic, evidenced by the following statistics:

  • Amphetamine use doubled from 1983 to 1988, and again from 1988 and 1992
  • Amphetamine use quintupled (multiplied by five) between 1992 and 2002, and abuse rates continue to grow rapidly
  • Adjusting for population, amphetamine use in 2004 reached 70% of its pre-1970 peak
  • The 2.6 billion units used medically in 2005 exceeded the 1960s peak for the first time

Amphetamines like Ritalin and Adderall are in the same controlled substance class as OxyContin, opium, cocaine and morphine, yet the medical community widely prescribes them to adults and children alike. In fact, the New York Times notes in 2013 that the number of children taking amphetamines grew to 3.5 million, up from 600,000 in 1990. While basic amphetamine side effects include high body temperature, nausea, headaches and palpitations, long-term use can result in toxic psychosis, behavioral disorders, cardiac arrhythmias, respiratory problems, convulsions, coma, death and addiction.

Whether the initial use involved medical or recreational use, amphetamine addicts have the best chance of recovery by seeking professional treatment. Rehab centers provide the following services:

  • Supervised drug detox in a safe and comfortable environment
  • Behavioral, motivational and lifestyle therapies in group and individual sessions
  • Relapse-prevention tools to identify and avoid amphetamine abuse triggers
  • Integrated physical and mental health care for co-occurring disorders
  • Optional holistic therapies to promote overall wellness and health

Our admissions coordinators are available 24 hours a day at a toll-free helpline to answer questions, discuss treatment options and even to check health insurance benefits. They are available to you, so please call now.

What Makes Amphetamines Different from other Substances?

What Makes Amphetamines Different from other Substances?
Amphetamines are Different from other Substances

Amphetamines are central nervous system stimulants. Amphetamines are used to treat narcolepsy and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and are highly habit forming. Those who use amphetamines in ways other than prescribed by a physician risk addiction. Some people use amphetamines to get high or to stay awake for long periods of time. Others use the drugs to increase school or job performance, reduce inhibitions, and increase self-confidence. Although amphetamines are classified as a Schedule II drug, they are not considered a narcotic by medical professionals.

Amphetamine Addiction

Amphetamine addiction usually begins when the person using the drug for medical reasons becomes dependent on the substance to feel and function normally. Tolerance happens prior to dependence as the body needs more of the drug to achieve the same level of relief. Many people begin taking amphetamines as children to deal with the symptoms of ADHD. Amphetamine dosages depend on many factors, such as height, weight, and medical history. Although amphetamines are a central nervous system stimulant, they work by calming brain chemicals that may become unbalanced, especially in the areas of impulse control and hyperactivity. If you or a loved one struggles with amphetamine abuse, look for these signs of addiction:

  • Becoming preoccupied with getting and using amphetamines
  • “Doctor shopping” for new prescriptions for amphetamines
  • Needing a supply of the drugs on hand at all times
  • Engaging in illegal activities, like stealing, to get and use amphetamines
  • Participating in dangerous activities, like driving, while under the influence of the drug

These signs may indicate an addiction.

Narcotics Vs. Amphetamines

Although narcotics and amphetamines are Schedule II drugs, amphetamines are different in that most Schedule II drugs are prescribed for pain relief. Drugs are classified as Schedule II narcotics due to the high incidence of abuse. This is due in part to the feelings of euphoria brought on by opioid and opiate pain relievers. Amphetamines like Adderall are classified in the same category as narcotics because of their high abuse potential, but they are not pain relievers and do not produce the same feelings of euphoria as other Schedule II drugs.

Finding Help for Amphetamine Addiction

Amphetamines can be an important part of a treatment program for ADHD and narcolepsy when used in appropriate ways. Using amphetamines in larger amounts or for longer periods of time than prescribed by a physician can lead to addiction. If you or a loved one struggles with amphetamine addiction, we are here to help you. Call our toll-free, 24 hour helpline to speak to an admissions coordinator about treatment options.

Amphetamine Addiction in the Middle East

Amphetamine Addiction in the Middle EastAmphetamine abuse is worldwide, even in extremely conservative countries like those found in the Middle East. According to research done by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, amphetamine and other drug abuse is very prevalent in the Middle East. In fact, the 2013 World Drug Report stated that as much as 30 percent of amphetamine seized by counternarcotics officials worldwide came from Saudi Arabia. What’s even more noteworthy is that Saudi Arabia contains less than 1 percent of the world’s population. The amount of amphetamine seized in this less populated country is astronomical compared to the rest of the world.

Countries in the Middle East can be described as extremely conservative, where tradition and culture play a massive role in the rights of citizens. In many Middle Eastern countries, addiction is still viewed as a character flaw, rather than a disease. Rates of amphetamine abuse and addiction in these regions are tough to uncover because many citizens are afraid to get help or because government rule does not want to air their country’s dirty laundry. Furthermore, penalties for amphetamine possession and distribution are much tougher in the Middle East compared to penalties in the Western world. This causes fear in addicts and prevents them from getting help, which prevents accurate addiction rates. Some Middle Eastern countries view addiction as a crime. Others see it as a character flaw, and a few countries recognize addiction as the brain disease that it is. Therefore, addiction research in the Middle East may rely on dependent factors, like hospitalizations for amphetamine overdose, the amount of amphetamine sized by counternarcotics, amphetamine-related crimes, and the number of people who do seek professional treatment for substance abuse or addiction.

Evidence Showing High Amphetamine Use in the Middle East

In the Middle East, the majority of amphetamine used is sold in tablets referred to as Captagon. In 2012 the Drug Addiction, Prevention, and Control Department at Saudi Arabia’s Ministry of Interior seized about 70 million Captagon pills. Saudi officials estimate that this amount only represents about 10 percent of actual drugs entering the country. Addiction rehab centers in Saudi Arabia report that close to half of all patients are in treatment for amphetamine-related issues. When surveyed, many citizens in the Middle East declared that amphetamine was the second most abused drug following alcohol.

Citizens of the Middle East are abusing amphetamine. The drug is used to avoid sleep and fight off feelings of tiredness by students wanting to study, by recreational drug users socializing, and by people wanting to self-medicate symptoms. Like in the US, most Middle Easterners are susceptible to thinking that prescription pills are safer and pose fewer consequences than illicit drugs like cocaine, heroin, or LSD. This can influence susceptibility to addiction with seemingly few resources for treatment help.


Find Quality Addiction Treatment Help Across the Globe

Addiction is a universal disorder and can affect individuals from all walks of life. No matter where in the world you are located, there are quality addiction treatment and recovery services available to you. If you would like to find addiction help for you or a loved one, you can call our toll-free number to speak with an addiction counselor today. Our addiction counselors are available around-the-clock in order to assist you with your questions, concerns, and information needs. We can help find and connect you with the addiction treatment services that are right for you and your individual needs. To learn more about finding addiction treatment help in your part of the world, call and speak with an addiction counselor today.