Amphetamine is a stimulant drug which is contained in or a metabolite of many drugs such as Adderall and other medications prescribed to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Although people often begin abusing these medications because they provide energy and focus, amphetamine drugs are both physically and psychologically addictive. Those who abuse them may find they soon need amphetamines simply to feel normal and to avoid withdrawal symptoms.
Amphetamine narrows blood vessels, which leads to irregular heart rhythm and an increase in heart rate and blood pressure. High doses of amphetamine can lead to stroke. Other effects of amphetamine abuse include the following:
- Dental problems
Amphetamine abuse is a serious problem which should be addressed in a serious manner.
Recover from Amphetamine Dependence
It is difficult for someone who has been abusing amphetamine to break free without help. This is due in part to physical changes in users’ bodies. Amphetamine use causes the neurotransmitter dopamine to accumulate in the brain, and the body adapts by producing less of this chemical. Therefore, when the drug is not being taken, dopamine levels are unnaturally low, and the user feels deprived and unbalanced. Cravings are strong and based on a real physical condition.
The best course of action for someone with amphetamine dependence is to seek treatment from professionals who understand the condition and how to address it effectively. Professional clinicians can assess all physical and emotional needs and plan a course of treatment designed to meet them. They will continue to assess and address needs as treatment progresses in order to ensure that clients are progressing well and that both mental and physical health is safeguarded.
Components of Amphetamine Addiction Treatment
The first hurdle that those dependent on an amphetamine must face is detox and withdrawal symptoms. The acute amphetamine withdrawal phase generally lasts 7-15 days, and during this time treatment professionals can help manage withdrawal symptoms. Sometimes benzodiazepine or antipsychotic drugs are prescribed to address specific symptoms and to make the detox process less difficult.
Once detox has been completed, professional help is needed to address the central issue of addiction. Without such help, the relapse risk is high due to the intense cravings caused by drug-related brain changes. The brain can heal but this takes time, and support is generally needed during the process. Addiction treatment can take place in either a residential or outpatient setting.
At the present time there are no drugs which have been approved to treat amphetamine addiction, although some doctors prescribe medications to treat individual symptoms. Therefore, behavioral therapies are necessary to keep users on track while their bodies heal. Counselors can provide education, motivation and support and can help users develop strategies for dealing with cravings and drug use triggers. The Matrix Model and the Community Reinforcement Approach are two treatment modalities often utilized for those dependent on amphetamine.
Find the Best Solutions for Amphetamine Abuse
It is easy to minimize the extent of an amphetamine abuse problem, but denial only leads to increased dependence and an increased risk of serious harm. If you or a loved one finds yourself dependent on amphetamine, call our toll-free helpline, which is available 24 hours a day, and let us discuss options with you and provide support. It’s time to reclaim your life. Call now.