Amphetamines include prescription medications like Adderall, Ritalin and Dexedrine and illicit substances like speed and methamphetamine. These stimulants imitate adrenaline to provide energy and euphoria and can quickly trap users in addiction.
Global Amphetamine Use
The UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) releases an annual World Drug Report that looks at different continents and cultures. The 2012 Report found the following statistics:
- Amphetamine use in Asia differs by region. Methamphetamines are the main drug in the East and Southeast, while the Near and Middle East prefer a discontinued prescription drug called Captagon.
- Europe mostly abuses amphetamines, though meth use is on the rise. The UK claims the highest lifetime prevalence of amphetamine use (11.2%) followed by Denmark (5.9%).
- Czech Republic and Slovakia are the European exceptions as they primarily abuse meth and tend to inject it, which is also a growing trend in SE Asia and the Pacific Islands.
- North America abuses all amphetamines. The US and Mexico are trending upward (attributed to more meth users) while Canadian amphetamine use is in sharp decline.
- Oceania has the highest rates of amphetamine and methamphetamine use, primarily in Australia and New Zealand, even though the usage rates are declining.
- Africa also differs by region. South Africans commonly use methamphetamines and methcathinone, while the rest of continent prefers prescription amphetamines.
- South America and the Caribbean primarily use prescription amphetamines, and usage rates are stable except in Colombia, Argentina, Chile and Uruguay, which are on the rise.
These rates suggest a genuine need for professional treatment.
Reasons for Amphetamine Abuse
The prevalence rates grew fastest in developing countries and emerging economies. Driving factors include the following:
- An expanding middle class with disposable income
- Associations between drugs and modern affluent lifestyles
- Demands to improve performance at work or school
- Ease with which the drug can be manufactured locally
However, developed countries face a frightening new trend: People in North America, Europe and Oceania are chemically engineering amphetamine substitutes that fall outside international drug control. “Bath salts” and “plant food” are the most popular names, and their dangerous effects have already made international headlines.
Amphetamine Treatment in Different Countries
Amphetamines are the second-leading substance for drug treatment in Asia, except in Korea and Brunei where crystal meth is the overall leader. Likewise, amphetamine addiction makes up 25% – 50% of all rehab patients in Finland, Sweden, Slovakia and the Czech Republic. North America and Oceania also have large numbers of amphetamine-addiction patients. Professional treatment is similar around the globe and generally includes the following methods:
- Medically supervised detox in a safe and comfortable facility
- Possible tapered detox or drug replacement therapy to reduce withdrawals
- Dual Diagnosis to address depression, anxiety or mania
- Medical screenings to check for drug-related health concerns
- Determine what triggers spark drug use and how to avoid them
- Break any psychological addiction to amphetamines
- Employ behavioral therapies that enhance healthy habits
Proper treatment always helps with aftercare counseling and support groups once a patient returns home.
Help with Amphetamines
No matter your cultural background, we can help you break amphetamine abuse. Call our toll-free 24 hour helpline right now to talk with an addiction specialist about health insurance coverage, treatment options and rehab facilities in the US and around the world. Call today for instant support.